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World Autism Awareness Day 2024: Early signs and symptoms new parents should know health news


Children with autism spectrum disorders may exhibit behaviors, communication patterns, social interactions, and learning styles that differ from other children. Children with disabilities can have a wide range of abilities and symptoms, from minimal verbal communication to excellent conversational skills. Because children with ASD reach their motor milestones at regular intervals, ASD usually goes undiagnosed in the first year of life.

Dr Ishu Goel, Deputy Consultant Neurologist, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital, said, “Parents don’t notice their child’s differences until the child starts falling behind in social milestones. Because of their delayed social and language development, these children find it. Along with peers It is difficult to communicate and express their needs.”

“In order to become independent, they need intensive cognitive and occupational therapy. Therefore, it is important to identify the problem as soon as possible so that appropriate therapy can be initiated before significant regression occurs”, adds Dr. Ishoo.

World Autism Awareness Day: Signs and Symptoms

Some early symptoms in preschool-aged children may indicate the presence of ASD. Dr. Ishu highlights the following key indicators of autism in children:

– Many studies have shown that children with ASD struggle with joint attention skills, such as coordinating attention through eye gaze, following someone else’s attention, and drawing someone else’s attention to something interesting.

– By the time a child is one year old, for example, most of them can look in the direction their parent is pointing, and when they look back at them, they usually smile or make some other facial expression.

– Parents may think that a child with ASD is having hearing problems because they don’t do certain things.

– In addition, they do not use gestures to express what they need; Instead, they rely on simple motor movements like touch gestures. For example, children may pull the parent toward the water dispenser or even try to place the parent’s hand in place of pointing or verbally expressing their desire for water.

– Use of language skills is the second most common barrier. Almost all autistic children have delays in both spoken and non-verbal language.

– Once again, children’s tendency to repeat what they hear over and over again prevents early recognition delays. Therefore, children may repeat the same nursery rhymes over and over but remain silent when someone speaks to them.

– It is possible that they will not be able to communicate intelligibly with parents through spoken words.

– May result in frequent foolish, unusual, or inappropriate behavior—such as self-injury, aggression, or agitation.

Consult a medical professional for help and advice for your child’s overall well-being and to be a better caregiver.