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Does yogurt reduce the risk of diabetes? Doctors claim yogurt fights insulin resistance health news


Yogurt has long been known to reduce the risk of diabetes, however, in March the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) qualified health claims for the first time that consumption of yogurt may reduce the risk of type-2 diabetes (T2D).

Based on limited scientific evidence, the regulatory agency said “at least three servings of yogurt per week may reduce the risk of incident T2D in the general population,” according to a study published in the journal Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Review.

However, “yogurt will not cure or treat people with T2D”, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania in the US said in the paper.

Speaking to IANS, Vandana Verma, Chief Dietitian, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, said that curd’s approval for blood sugar management is due to its probiotic content, which promotes gut health.

“The gut microbiome plays an important role in regulating glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity, which are essential for blood sugar management. The probiotics in yogurt can enhance these functions, making it potentially beneficial for people with or at risk of diabetes,” he said.

However, he stresses that not all yogurts are created equal.

“Some may lack probiotics or contain excess carbohydrates, which diminishes their health benefits. Choosing plain yogurt with live cultures and avoiding excess carbohydrates is preferable. Additionally, a balanced diet including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein Incorporating yogurt, along with regular exercise, is crucial for managing and reducing the risk of diabetes,” says the dietician.

Yogurt is a product of high nutritional value and is a rich source of nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals as well as beneficial microbes. Further, consumption of yogurt helps alter the microbiota and ecosystem of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).

Besides fighting diabetes, the presence of Lactobacillus casei, Streptococcus thermophilus and Bifidobacterium species in yogurt boosts immunity, reduces obesity and keeps the liver healthy.

“These metabolites may prove anti-inflammatory and modulate immunity by modulating IL-1 and IL-6. Reduction of visceral fat and obesity can reduce insulin resistance, also moderated by cytokines, resulting in fewer new diabetes cases and less non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NFLD),” says Dr. Rajeev Gupta, Director – Internal Medicine, CK Birla Hospital ( R), Delhi, told IANS.