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World Glaucoma Day 2024: How can diabetes put your vision at risk? Expert Share health news

World Glaucoma Day, observed annually on March 12, aims to raise awareness of glaucoma, a leading cause of irreversible blindness, particularly among people with diabetes who are at increased risk of developing glaucoma. The day highlights the importance of regular eye exams to detect and manage glaucoma, emphasizing the need for global cooperation to fight this sight-threatening disease.

Dr. Girish Parmar, Senior Consultant, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Nanavati Max Super Specialty Hospital, said, “India, often called the ‘diabetes capital’ of the world, faces a staggering health challenge with nearly 77 million people affected by diabetes. Surprisingly, this number is more than the international diabetes. According to the federation’s estimates, this is projected to increase to 147.2 million by 2045. In addition to its effects on blood sugar levels, diabetes significantly affects eye health, increasing the risk of conditions such as glaucoma.”

In this article, let’s discuss the complex relationship between diabetes and glaucoma, emphasizing the criticality of early detection and proactive management.

The link between diabetes and glaucoma

Dr. Girish adds, “Diabetes casts a shadow of vulnerability on various eye diseases, with glaucoma being a prominent concern. Glaucoma encompasses a cluster of eye disorders characterized by damage to the optic nerve, which is essential for vision, often due to elevated pressure inside the eye. Eye. A study conducted in India called Spectrum of Eye Diseases in Diabetes (SPEED) found that about 4.9% of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) develop glaucoma. Additionally, the risk increases with age, especially in people who overcomes diabetes. 40 years of age, and is inextricably linked to diabetic neuropathy, a form of nerve damage arising from diabetes.”

Identifying the risk factors and early symptoms of glaucoma

“Various factors contribute to the increased susceptibility of diabetics to developing glaucoma, including genetic predisposition, advancing age, and duration of diabetes. Early symptoms of glaucoma can be subtle, such as gradual loss of peripheral vision or blurred vision, none at all. In many cases, glaucoma progresses insidiously, with no noticeable symptoms until considerable damage is done, emphasizing the need for regular eye examinations to facilitate early detection”, Dr. Girish further highlighted.

Glaucoma management and prevention

Dr. Girish Parmar recommends, “Efficient management of diabetes serves as the basis for reducing the risk of glaucoma. It requires careful control of blood sugar levels, regular monitoring of eye health and adoption of a healthy lifestyle. Technological innovations like optical coherence tomography (OCT) in glaucomatous eyes.” Plays an important role in timely detection of changes.”

“For diabetic individuals, especially those age 40 and older, a comprehensive eye evaluation stands as a proactive measure for glaucoma and other eye diseases. Early detection with prompt intervention has the potential to prevent vision loss and improve overall well-being,” concludes Dr. Parmar. do

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