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World Glaucoma Day 2024: 10 tips to protect your vision | health news


World Glaucoma Day is observed on March 12 every year. Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that destroys the optic nerve – the nerve at the back of the eye, which sends visual information from your eye to your brain and is crucial for good vision. Dr. Sameer Kaushal, Head of Organ Transplant Ophthalmology at Drishti Artemis Hospital, Gurugram shares, “Many people are not aware of glaucoma which is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide.”

So how can you prevent glaucoma? “There is no way to prevent glaucoma, but there are steps people can take to help protect their vision and reduce their risk of developing the condition,” says Dr. Kaushal. He shares 10 strategies to protect your vision and reduce your risk of developing glaucoma.

How to reduce the risk of glaucoma and protect vision

Dr. Sameer Kaushal lists the following 10 steps to reduce the risk of glaucoma and protect vision:

1. Routine Eye Assessment: Make sure you get your eyes checked by an eye care professional at least once every two years. This may vary depending on your age and risk factors. Early detection and treatment of glaucoma is essential to preserve vision and prevent irreversible damage to the optic nerve.

2. Know your family history: Glaucoma often runs in families and so knowing your family history of the condition can help assess your risk. Inform your eye doctor about a family history of glaucoma, as this information can guide preventive measures and screening recommendations.

3. Monitor intraocular pressure: High intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for glaucoma. Regularly monitoring your IOP with regular eye exams can help detect elevated pressure levels early, allowing for timely intervention to prevent optic nerve damage.

4. Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Living a healthy lifestyle can benefit overall eye health and reduce the risk of developing glaucoma. Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and omega-3 fatty acids, and maintain a healthy weight through regular exercise and physical activity.

5. Protect your eyes from UV radiation: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can affect skin health, cataracts, and other eye conditions. To protect your eyes, wear sunglasses that block 100% of UVA and UVB rays whenever you’re outdoors to protect your eyes from harmful UV exposure.

6. Quit Smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for several eye diseases, including glaucoma. Quitting smoking can help reduce your risk and protect your vision. Get help from a health care professional or you can join a successful quit smoking program.

7. Limit Alcohol Consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing glaucoma. Limiting alcohol consumption to moderate amounts or stopping altogether can help protect your eyes and reduce your chances of developing eye conditions.

Also Read: Glaucoma: Lack of Timely Treatment Can Lead to Blindness – Check Risks and Symptoms

8. Manage chronic conditions: Conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure can increase the risk of developing glaucoma. Make sure you manage these conditions with regular medical check-ups, medication adherence and lifestyle changes to minimize their impact on eye health.

9. Practice proper eye hygiene: Maintain proper eye hygiene by washing your hands regularly, avoiding touching your eyes with dirty hands, and following proper contact lens care guidelines. These practices can help prevent eye infections and reduce the risk of complications that can affect vision.

10. Be informed and advocate for eye health: Educate yourself and others about the importance of regular eye exams, early detection and treatment of eye conditions such as glaucoma. Participate in community events, support advocacy efforts, and spread awareness to promote eye health and prevent vision loss.

“By incorporating these ten strategies into your lifestyle, you can take proactive steps to protect your vision and reduce your risk of developing glaucoma. These tips help not only you but also those around you. Prioritizing eye health is essential to maintaining healthy vision and eye health for years to come. Staying free from problems,” shares Dr Sameer Kaushal.

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