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What is routine screening for early detection of ovarian cancer: experts | health news


Ovarian cancer is dangerous because it often goes undetected until it has spread outside the ovary, and symptoms can be attributed to other conditions.

The incidence of ovarian cancer in India is influenced by multiple factors.

Dr. Kanav Kumar, surgical oncologist at the Punyashlok Ahiliadevi Holkar Head and Neck Cancer Institute in Mumbai, India, told IANS.

Timely diagnosis and treatment is often made more difficult by the limited availability of health care services, especially in rural areas.

Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of death in women, and this is because ovarian cancer is diagnosed at a later stage.

“There is no good way to catch it early so we can estimate a C125. It is not very sensitive or very specific for ovarian cancer. It can be attributed to various conditions. Most patients present at a later stage,” said Sir HN, consultant at Reliance Foundation Hospital. Medical Oncology Dr. Pritam Kataria says.

And so, these patients are more likely to be missed when they present with a higher risk of death associated with the disease when they are diagnosed.

Studies have shown that aging and menopause can increase the spread of ovarian and other cancers.

Dr. Kumar explains because a woman accumulates genetic mutations and is exposed to various carcinogens environmentally.

“Older age at menopause (longer reproductive life) is also associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer due to increased number of ovulations and higher exposure to reproductive hormones (estrogen and progesterone),” Dr. Kumar explained.

Risk factors for ovarian cancer include obesity, endometriosis, and use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), especially if HRT is used for a long time.

Women nearing menopause should be alert for any symptoms such as abdominal lumps or breast lumps or changes in bowel habits or anything related to postmenopausal bleeding or abdominal bloating.

“These can be some of the signs and symptoms of various cancers, especially ovarian cancer,” the doctors said.