Britain’s King Charles III has been diagnosed with a type of cancer. In a statement, Buckingham Palace said, “During the King’s recent hospital procedure for a benign prostate enlargement, a separate matter of concern was noted. Subsequent diagnostic tests identified a form of cancer. Her Majesty has today begun a schedule of regular treatments. During which she will be seen by doctors in public.” Advised to suspend duty.”
While the palace did not confirm details about the type of cancer, doctors say regular check-ups are key. In this article, Dr. Shalav Aggarwal, Consultant, Urology, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram, talks about prostate cancer and shares the do’s and don’ts.
What is prostate cancer? Who is most at risk?
A type of cancer that develops in the prostate gland, a component of the male reproductive system, is called prostate cancer. “The prostate gland is located in front of the anus and below the bladder. It produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm. It produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm,” says Dr. Agarwal.
Men over 50 are more likely to develop prostate cancer, and age is a major risk factor for the disease. “Most cases are diagnosed in men over 65, and the risk increases with age. However, prostate cancer is not unheard of in men in their 40s or younger, especially if they have certain risk factors,” shares Dr. Agarwal.
Lifestyle factors that may increase the risk of prostate cancer
Some lifestyle factors that may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer, as listed by Dr. Agarwal, include:
1. Family history: Men are more likely to develop prostate cancer if they have a family history of the condition, especially if a close male relative, such as a father or brother, has the disease.
2. Diet: A diet heavy in dairy products and low in red meat, such as fruits and vegetables, can increase your risk of prostate cancer.
3. Obesity: Studies have indicated a link between the risk of aggressive forms of prostate cancer and being overweight or obese.
Also Read: Can Lifestyle Changes Reduce Cancer Risk? Experts share 11 steps you need to take right now
Symptoms of prostate cancer
1. Frequent urination, especially at night.
2. Difficulty starting or stopping urination.
3. Weak or interrupted urine flow.
4. Burning or pain during urination.
5. Blood in urine or semen.
6. Painful ejaculation.
7. Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection.
8. Pain or stiffness in the upper thighs, hips or lower back
Prostate Health: Dos and Don’ts
Dr. Shalav Aggarwal lists the dos and don’ts of prostate cancer:
– Regular screening is most important; It is essential to discuss with your doctor when to start screening based on personal risk factors and family history.
– In addition, eating a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains while limiting consumption of red meat and high-fat dairy can significantly contribute to prostate health.
– Engaging in regular exercise is recommended, aiming for at least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week. For those who are overweight, shedding extra pounds can reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
– Finally, awareness of prostate cancer and its risk factors through education is the key to proactive management and early detection.
– Ignoring prostate cancer symptoms is risky; If any of these symptoms occur, it is critical to seek medical attention for evaluation and appropriate testing.
– Smoking should be avoided as it is associated with a higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer; Therefore, smokers should consider quitting to reduce this risk.
– Likewise, excessive alcohol consumption should be avoided, as it has been linked to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.
– Finally, skipping routine screening is ill-advised; Even in the absence of symptoms, regular screening is important for early detection, especially for those at high risk due to factors such as age or family history.