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Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month: Early Stage Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment | health news


Understanding the complications of early-stage ovarian cancer is critical to optimal care. By raising awareness and advocating for regular health checkups, we can all work together to reduce the harm this silent menace does to women in our country. The key to effective treatment is still early intervention, which emphasizes the value of prompt medical attention and a proactive attitude toward women’s health.

Dr. “Ovarian cancer, often referred to as the ‘silent killer’, poses a significant health challenge, especially when it is detected at an early stage,” says Ishu Gupta, a senior medical oncologist at Cancer Cancer Hospital, Delhi. In India, where its burden is gynecological, Cancer is substantial, understanding early-stage ovarian cancer symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and treatment options is crucial for effective management and improved outcomes.”

Detecting ovarian cancer at an early stage

“Early detection of ovarian cancer is challenging due to the absence of specific symptoms in the early stages. However, there are subtle signs that individuals and healthcare professionals should be aware of. These include persistent abdominal bloating, pelvic pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, and urination. A change in habits”, adds Dr Ishu.

Ovarian cancer diagnosis

Here is a list of diagnostic tests to detect ovarian cancer that Dr. Ishu shared:

Pelvic examination: Regular pelvic exams are helpful in detecting abnormalities of the reproductive organs. However, ovarian cancer is often asymptomatic in its early stages, making routine screening less effective.

Imaging studies: Transvaginal ultrasound and pelvic CT scans can provide detailed images of the ovaries, helping to detect abnormalities. These imaging techniques play an important role in diagnosing ovarian cancer at an early stage.

Blood tests: CA-125 is a blood marker that may be elevated in ovarian cancer. Although not exclusive to ovarian cancer, an elevated CA-125 level may prompt further investigation.

Biopsy: A definitive diagnosis is made with a biopsy, where a small tissue sample is removed and examined under a microscope.
Treatment methods for early stage ovarian cancer:

Surgery: The primary treatment for early-stage ovarian cancer involves surgical removal of the tumor. Depending on the extent of the disease, the surgeon may remove one or both ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus.

Chemotherapy: After or before surgery, chemotherapy may be recommended to eliminate cancer cells. It can be given intravenously or sometimes directly into the abdominal cavity.

Targeted therapy: Some cases may benefit from targeted therapies that specifically target cancer cells, minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

Public awareness plays an important role in early detection and management of ovarian cancer. Women are encouraged to prioritize their health, attend regular check-ups and consult a healthcare professional immediately if any symptoms occur.

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