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North Indian dietary intake not equal to recommended: study | health news


These nutrients play an important role in the development of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease — a rapidly growing health challenge in the country, researchers at The George Institute for Global Health India said in a statement on Monday at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh. .

The study, published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition, found that intakes of protein and potassium were relatively low, but higher than the recommended dietary intake of salt and phosphorus.

“A poor nutritious diet is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which are of considerable public health concern. In India, people eat a variety of foods, so knowing exactly what nutrients they are getting is important to help prevent and manage these diseases,” said lead author Prof. Dr. Vivekananda Jha, executive director, George Institute for Global Health, India, in the statement.

“High salt intake and low potassium intake point to the need to develop interventions targeting individuals and society,” he added.

The results are based on 400 adults, who included both healthy and early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). The team used 24-hour urine analysis to assess nutrient intake.

Their results also revealed that men consumed more nutrients than women.

The team emphasized the need for personalized changes in diet to reduce the risk of common NCDs. Better information on food labels, reducing salt in processed foods and encouraging people to eat more potassium-rich fruits and vegetables could be key to preventing NCDs from rising in the country, the researchers said.