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Mumps Outbreak in Kerala: Know Symptoms, Remedies and How to Prevent | health news


An Indian Express report noted that there was an outbreak of mumps in the southern state of Kerala with 190 cases reported in a single day on March 10. The same report noted that Union Health Ministry officials had confirmed the outbreak and said the state’s National Center for Disease Control had been alerted. As the state battles mumps, Dr Anish Gupta, chief ENT consultant at CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram, shares details about the viral infection caused by paramyxovirus.

What is mumps?

“Mumps, a contagious viral infection, primarily affects the salivary glands, causing painful swelling, especially around the cheeks and jaw. Although most cases are mild, complications can occur, making it important to understand its symptoms, prevention measures and available treatments. .”, said Dr. Anish Gupta.

Symptoms of mumps

Dr. Gupta lists the following mumps symptoms:

– Swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands, especially the parotid glands below the ear.
– Fever, headache, muscle pain, and loss of appetite.
Swollen glands cause difficulty swallowing or chewing.
Fatigue and weakness.

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How to prevent mumps

Dr. Gupta recommends the following key steps to prevent mumps:

Immunization: Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent mumps. The MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine is usually given to children in two doses, the first dose at 12-15 months of age and the second dose at 4-6 years of age. Adults who have not been vaccinated or are unsure of their vaccination status may also benefit from the vaccine.

Hygiene Practices: Since mumps is spread through respiratory droplets or saliva, practicing good hygiene is essential. These include covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, washing your hands frequently with soap and water, and avoiding sharing utensils or drinks with infected people.

Have mumps? Here’s The Cure

Dr. Gupta lists the following remedies for mumps:

Symptomatic treatment: There is no specific cure for mumps, but symptomatic treatment can help ease the discomfort. This may include rest, pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce fever and relieve pain, and applying warm or cold packs to swollen glands to reduce discomfort.

Separate: Infected persons should be isolated to prevent the spread of the virus to others. This usually involves staying home from work or school until the swelling goes down and they are no longer contagious, which is usually about five days after symptoms start.

Complications Management: In some cases, mumps can cause complications such as meningitis, orchitis (inflammation of the testicles in men) or deafness. These complications require specific treatment tailored to each individual’s needs and may involve medication, supportive care, or surgery.

“In conclusion, although mumps is usually a mild illness, taking preventive measures such as vaccination and good hygiene practices are essential to reduce the risk of infection. Early recognition of symptoms and appropriate management can help reduce discomfort and prevent complications. If you suspect you or someone you know has If there is mumps, consult a healthcare professional for guidance and proper care,” advises Dr Anish Gupta.