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Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Cervical Cancer in Women – 6 Key Points | health news


Cervical cancer develops in a woman’s uterus – the entrance to the uterus from the vagina. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 99% of cervical cancer cases are associated with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, a very common sexually transmitted virus. WHO also noted, “Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. Effective primary (HPV vaccination) and secondary prevention methods (screening and treatment for precancerous lesions) will prevent most cases of cervical cancer.”

Steps to prevent cervical cancer

On Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, Dr Pooja Mehta, Director – Unit Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Merengo Asia Hospital, Gurugram, shares some key steps, which she says can reduce the risk of cervical cancer:

1 Quit smoking

Kicking butt can help boost the immune system and reduce the risk of cervical cancer and other health problems.

2. Exercise regularly

Regular exercise can help boost energy, mood and immunity. For cancer patients, daily exercise can help reduce the stress of cancer and its treatment. Several studies have shown that cancer patients who exercise regularly can experience significant improvements in physical and mental health at every stage of treatment.

3. Avoid taking birth control pills

Frequent hand washing or using hand sanitizer can reduce the risk of infection. Avoid taking birth control pills as it increases the risk of cervical cancer.

4. Avoid multiple sex partners

Women who tend to have multiple sexual partners have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer because more partners increase a person’s chance of exposure to HPV. Hence, safe sex practices are always recommended.

Also Read: Cervical Cancer: About Human Papillomavirus and Vaccination – Read More

5. Regular pap smear or screening

Routine Pap smears and liquid-based cytology are recommended after age 30 for HPV. Pap tests and HPV tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early.

6. Make dietary changes

Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and healthy foods to avoid the risk of cervical cancer. Obese women are more likely to develop cervical cancer. Women whose diets are low in fruits and vegetables also have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer

“Though cervical cancer can strike anyone at any age, one should be aware of the changes that occur in the body and report abnormalities immediately,” says Dr Pooja Mehta.