Mithun Chakraborty, veteran actor-politician, was admitted to a hospital in Kolkata on Saturday morning and was subsequently diagnosed with an ischemic cerebrovascular accident (stroke). The statement mentioned that the actor was brought to the hospital complaining of weakness in his right upper and lower limbs. So what is ischemic cerebrovascular stroke? Dr Sonia Lal Gupta, Senior Neurologist and Director-Metro Group of Hospitals, and Dr Vipul Gupta, Director of Neurointervention and Co-Head of the Stroke Unit at Artemis Hospital, Gurugram, shared their insights.
What is ischemic cerebrovascular stroke?
A common type of stroke is an ischemic cerebrovascular stroke, which occurs when blood flow is interrupted due to a blockage in an artery in the brain, usually a blood clot, says Dr. Sonia Lal Gupta. “Due to this blockage, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients, which eventually leads to their degeneration or death. Most strokes, or about 87% of all strokes, are ischemic strokes,” says Dr. Gupta.
Who can develop ischemic cerebrovascular stroke?
Anyone can have an ischemic cerebrovascular stroke, regardless of age, sex, or race. However, a few things make this type of stroke more likely. “High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, binge drinking and a family history of stroke are some of these risk factors. A person’s chances also increase if they have certain medical disorders, such as atrial fibrillation, or an irregular heartbeat.” ,” added Dr. Gupta.
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Depending on which part of the brain is damaged and to what extent, an ischemic stroke can present with a variety of symptoms. “Unexplained a severe headache, dizziness, loss of balance, or coordination problems, sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, confusion or difficulty understanding speech, trouble speaking or slurred speech, and one or Sudden vision problems in both eyes is a common symptom,” says Dr Vipul Gupta.
Ischemic cerebrovascular stroke: dos and don’ts
– Answer quickly: When treating ischemic stroke, time is summary. Get emergency medical care immediately.
, calm down: Keep calm and compose all the time
, Note the time: Remember or note when the symptoms started.
, Follow all medical advice: As told and directed by a specialist, follow all advice for the best and highest chance of recovery.
– Do not ignore the symptoms: Don’t ignore symptoms, even if they get better or go away. Get medical help immediately.
, Do not drive yourself to the hospital: Do not try to drive yourself to the hospital if you are suffering from stroke symptoms. Instead, call an ambulance.
– Don’t waste time: As they say, time lost in stroke is brain rate.