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How climate change is affecting your health – see expert warnings health news


The effects of global warming can be felt around the world as temperatures hit abnormal highs or lows, unusual for particular regions. Dr. Ajay Agarwal, Director – Internal Medicine, Fortis Hospital, Noida, shared, “Human-caused global climate change is largely due to increased atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations due to fossil fuel burning. Intense heat waves, a longer and more destructive hurricane season, greater Flood and drought risks and prolonged fire seasons lead to more severe and frequent wildfires, particularly in drought-prone areas. These and other impacts of climate change have directly contributed to health vulnerability. Impacts, increased burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases, and compromised health care delivery.”

Adverse effects of climate change on health

Dr. Ajay Aggarwal lists the following health effects of climate change:

Heat: Physiological adaptation to heat exposure decreases with advancing age (especially over 80 years) and is influenced by medical conditions and prescription medications. The risk of heat stroke may increase in age groups.

Fire: Wildfire smoke has far-reaching effects, affecting people who live far from the fire. During this period, emergency department visits for asthma increased in both pediatric and adult patients. Wildfires have many immediate and direct health effects including burns and physical injuries. They create favorable conditions for landslides because they stabilize the soil by burning vegetation. Living through the bushfires has been shown to have long-lasting health effects, particularly for mental health, with survivors showing higher rates of depression, substance abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder even a decade later. Smoke is the most important health risk from wildfires, and contains many toxic substances based on what is burned (eg, lead in car batteries) and often includes acrolein (lung irritant), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (carcinogen and neurotoxicant), oxides of nitrogen (lung irritant). includes and ozone chemical precursors), and particulate matter (PM).

Also Read: 10 Healthy Summer Fruits For Diabetics

Hurricanes and Floods: Immediate hazards include unintentional injuries such as drowning, electrocution, lacerations, falls, head injuries from falling debris, and motor vehicle accident injuries. A wide array of disease burdens and specific risks to individuals in specific situations have been associated with floods and hurricanes that can occur days to years after the event. All-cause mortality, as well as cardiovascular and respiratory deaths, increased after the floods.

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