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Cervical cancer: Early onset, symptoms and human papillomavirus, experts share important prevention strategies | health news


Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in rural population and it is one of the most common cancers among women in urban population. The most common cause of cervical cancer in Asian countries is HPV positivity, i.e. human papillomavirus positivity, which is abundant in Asian populations. And therefore, there is a greater risk of developing cervical cancer.

According to Dr. Pritam Kataria, Consultant Medical Oncology, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital, “Cervical cancer screening is very simple and it is through Pap smear testing. Through Pap smear testing, it is possible to see if there is an HPV infection, which is already there, Or there are some changes in the mucosa or lining of the uterus and help us diagnose cervical cancer very early.”

Dr. Pritam adds, “So, if you look at prevention measures, which are now coming into cancer management, the two post-specific cancers where prevention is talked about are liver cancer, that is, hepatic cell cancer, and the second one is cervical cancer. It is known that in Asian countries, cervical The most common cause of oral cancer is human papillomavirus infection. If we can vaccinate women between the ages of 9 and 22 years, or before they become sexually active, in that situation, we can vaccinate them and prevent them from being infected with human papillomavirus. I can.”

“There are two vaccines available to prevent carcinoma appendages, which are glidacin and servalin, and both of these vaccines can be given by gynecologists, and can be given to boys, and can help prevent pre-cancerous conditions. Or carcinoma of the penis in men,” Dr. Pritam recommends.

“If you look at the burden of cervical cancer in India, well, according to the 2020 Sohoban data, it is the second most common cancer among women in India. About 1,23,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed every year, and this is about 18% of the total burden of cancer among women. .test”, said Dr. Pritam.

According to Dr. Pritam, the most common symptoms of cervical cancer are, “In post-menopausal women, parvo-genital bleeding, which is one of the symptoms of cervical cancer or endometrial cancer, vitreous discharge with blood, or heavy menstrual bleeding. , some of the red flag signs, In which case the woman should go and contact a gynecologist, and they will do a simple exam on your arm, a parvo-genital exam, and they will also do a vascular exam. And if they find something in the parvo-genital exam, they will order a biopsy for further investigation. , and scanning, necessary scanning, if the biopsy shows cervical cancer cells.”