Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood sugar levels, poor production, or decreased insulin effectiveness. Patients with impaired diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy due to changes in retinal blood flow due to poor glucose control. Blindness due to diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of preventable blindness.
Diabetes and the eye
The retina is the back layer of the eye that perceives light and transmits images to the brain. In diabetic retinopathy, the retinal blood vessels become brittle and clogged, which leads to water retention (edema), lipid accumulation, retinal bleeding, and the formation of new vessels on the retina. Because of the buildup of lipids and water in the center of the retina (diabetic maculopathy) or because of bleeding from new blood vessels (vitreous hemorrhage) in the eye or because a membrane “pulls” over the retina. into the retina (traction retinal detachment).
Symptoms Of Diabetic retinopathy
There are no warning signs in the early stages. Treatment works best at this stage when detected through a routine retinal examination. At a relatively advanced stage, eyesight gradually or suddenly deteriorates, making it difficult to read or manage. People with advanced diabetic retinopathy may be at risk of blood clots or complete obstruction of the swimmer or visual impairment:
Find remote locations or read bus numbers.
Read fine newsprint, invoice, or less contrasting text,
Write on a single line,
Wear in bright light or see a dim light,
Feel free to wander outside and after dark
Call the time on a watch or read the pressure on the insulin syringe.
Early detection is required
The life expectancy of diabetics has increased with the ava Early detection is the required liability of improved drugs. However, this means that the incidence of diabetic retinopathy and its blindness complications is increasing. People with diabetic retinopathy are 25 times more likely to have permanent vision loss than other visually impaired patients. Early detection and appropriate treatment can help prevent this from happening. The only method of early detection is regular and extended retinal examinations.
The recommended control plan for diabetic retinopathy or mild forms of diabetes is:
Once a year there was no or minimal retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is mild to moderate – between 6 and 12 months
Moderate to severe diabetic retinopathy – within 3 to 6 months
Very severe non-diabetic retinopathy – 2-3 months
After photocoagulation – 1 to 6 months or treatment as directed by an ophthalmologist.
Diabetic retinopathy and pregnancy
Pregnancy can increase the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Therefore, a pregnant woman with diabetes should have her eyes checked every three months. Controlling blood sugar after diabetic retinopathy progresses has less of an impact than controlling it during the early years of the disease.
Also, read Diabetic retinopathy treatment