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5 common vision problems and preventive measures you must take to keep your eyes healthy health news

Our eyes are our windows to the world, allowing us to explore, learn and experience life to the fullest. However, like other parts of our body, our eyes can also face challenges. Sight is invaluable because it enables us to perceive the world around us. However, like any complex system, it is susceptible to various issues that can affect clarity and sharpness. Understanding and managing common vision problems is crucial to maintaining optimal eye health and quality of life. Regular eye examinations are essential for early detection and management of vision problems.

By taking preventive measures and seeking timely professional care, individuals can preserve their vision and quality of life. Dr Haseeb Baig, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals, emphasizes, “As a health professional, it is essential to educate individuals about these conditions and empower them with strategies to cope and prevent them.”

5 Common Vision Problems

refractive error

Dr. Rishi Raj Borah, Country Director, Orbis (India), added, “The sense of sight is priceless, and managing common vision problems is critical to maintaining optimal eye health and quality of life.” He goes on to explain other vision related problems that can occur over the years.

Dr. Rishi explains, “When the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina, the inner membrane behind the eyeball, which is essential for vision. This results in blurred vision at different distances. For example. Hypermetropia, or farsightedness, is the opposite, causing nearsightedness. Objects appear blurry and distant objects are clear. Also, astigmatism occurs when the cornea or lens has an irregular shape, resulting in distorted or blurred vision at all distances. Presbyopia is another common defect. , primarily affecting people over 40 years of age, with This results in difficulty focusing on close objects.”

Age-related macular degeneration

Dr. Hasiba highlighted, “Another common problem is presbyopia, which usually affects people over the age of 40. Presbyopia results from the normal aging process of the eye, resulting in difficulty focusing on close objects.”


Cataracts are another common vision problem, especially in older people. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, causing blurred or blurred vision.


Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can damage the optic nerve due to increased pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma usually develops slowly and can lead to partial or even complete blindness if left untreated.

Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a common condition characterized by a lack of adequate moisture on the surface of the eye. It can cause discomfort, irritation and blurred vision.

Preventive measures for proper eyesight

Adopting the simple yet effective practices shared by Dr. Rishi here can significantly reduce the risk of developing many common vision problems. These include:

– Regular eye exams, recommended by eye care professionals, to identify and address vision problems promptly.

– Checking blood pressure and blood sugar levels for long-term effects on vision.

– A balanced diet rich in vitamins and nutrients essential for eye health.

– Eye-friendly habits such as practicing proper eye hygiene, taking regular breaks from digital screens are essential.

– UV protection to protect the eyes while outdoors can otherwise contribute to a variety of eye conditions including cataracts and macular degeneration.

– Limit screen time to intensive near-vision tasks, blink regularly to keep eyes moist, and follow the 20-20-20 rule – take a 20-second break every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away.

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